因为最近在读linux编程相关的书,所以装了虚拟机,但是装的desktop版本,运行geany太慢了。所以打算换到server版,同时很多c语言的实验,希望可以在vim下完成。这样就不需要每次都用gcc等命令了。参阅了文章https://github.com/yangyangwithgnu/use_vim_as_ide#7

vundle

https://github.com/VundleVim/Vundle.vim
https://vimawesome.com

  • 步骤1.git clone https://github.com/VundleVim/Vundle.vim.git ~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim
  • 步骤2. 按照github中编写vimrc
  • 步骤3. :PluginInstall,如果之后又删除或者更新,之需要更改.vimrc,然后:PluginClean和:PluginUpdate就可以了

Drawit

Plugin 'vim-scripts/DrawIt'

  • 试了下,smartkeyboard不能用\, 不太清楚原因,所以开始插件的话不能用\di,\ds, 用:DIstart和:DIstop
  • ctrl+v可以进入visual模式,对某一块进行选择就可以画圆或者方形等
  • 空格可以进入erase模式,再次点击即可取消erase模式

自动编译运行c文件

参照https://www.linuxzen.com/linuxxia-pei-zhi-vimyi-jian-bian-yi-ccbing-zhi-xing.html
因为我不需要makefile, 只是做一些简单的c脚本来做。所以只需要将当前的c文件compile一下并且打印出结果就可以了。这个时候按照上述文章,编写一个compile脚本,在mac中使用fn+f8就可以直接打印出结果。
另外,mac中已经不使用gcc了。将之替换成clang就可以了

附:当前的vim配置

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" With a map leader it's possible to do extra key combinations
" like <leader>w saves the current file
let mapleader = ","
let g:mapleader = ","

set nu
set nocompatible " be iMproved, required
filetype off " required

" set the runtime path to include Vundle and initialize
set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim
call vundle#begin()
" alternatively, pass a path where Vundle should install plugins
"call vundle#begin('~/some/path/here')

" let Vundle manage Vundle, required
Plugin 'VundleVim/Vundle.vim'

" The following are examples of different formats supported.
" Keep Plugin commands between vundle#begin/end.
" plugin on GitHub repo
Plugin 'tpope/vim-fugitive'
" plugin from http://vim-scripts.org/vim/scripts.html
" Plugin 'L9'
" Git plugin not hosted on GitHub
Plugin 'git://git.wincent.com/command-t.git'
Plugin 'vim-scripts/DrawIt'
Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdtree'
Plugin 'majutsushi/tagbar'

autocmd FileType cpp map <F8> <Esc>:w!<CR>:!compile %<CR>
autocmd FileType cc map <F8> <Esc>:w!<CR>:!compile %<CR>
autocmd FileType c map <F8> <Esc>:w!<CR>:!compile %<CR>
nmap <F7> :NERDTreeToggle<CR>
nmap <F6> :TagbarToggle<CR>


" 使用 NERDTree 插件查看工程文件。设置快捷键,速记:file list
" 设置NERDTree子窗口宽度
let NERDTreeWinSize=32
" 设置NERDTree子窗口位置
let NERDTreeWinPos="right"
" 显示隐藏文件
let NERDTreeShowHidden=1
" NERDTree 子窗口中不显示冗余帮助信息
let NERDTreeMinimalUI=1
" 删除文件时自动删除文件对应 buffer
let NERDTreeAutoDeleteBuffer=1


" git repos on your local machine (i.e. when working on your own plugin)
Plugin 'rstacruz/sparkup', {'rtp': 'vim/'}
" Install L9 and avoid a Naming conflict if you've already installed a
" different version somewhere else.
" Plugin 'ascenator/L9', {'name': 'newL9'}

" All of your Plugins must be added before the following line
call vundle#end() " required
filetype plugin indent on " required
" To ignore plugin indent changes, instead use:
"filetype plugin on
"
" Brief help
" :PluginList - lists configured plugins
" :PluginInstall - installs plugins; append `!` to update or just :PluginUpdate
" :PluginSearch foo - searches for foo; append `!` to refresh local cache
" :PluginClean - confirms removal of unused plugins; append `!` to auto-approve removal
"
" see :h vundle for more details or wiki for FAQ
" Put your non-Plugin stuff after this line



"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Maintainer:
" Amir Salihefendic
" http://amix.dk - amix@amix.dk
"
" Version:
" 5.0 - 29/05/12 15:43:36
"
" Blog_post:
" http://amix.dk/blog/post/19691#The-ultimate-Vim-configuration-on-Github
"
" Awesome_version:
" Get this config, nice color schemes and lots of plugins!
"
" Install the awesome version from:
"
" https://github.com/amix/vimrc
"
" Syntax_highlighted:
" http://amix.dk/vim/vimrc.html
"
" Raw_version:
" http://amix.dk/vim/vimrc.txt
"
" Sections:
" -> General
" -> VIM user interface
" -> Colors and Fonts
" -> Files and backups
" -> Text, tab and indent related
" -> Visual mode related
" -> Moving around, tabs and buffers
" -> Status line
" -> Editing mappings
" -> vimgrep searching and cope displaying
" -> Spell checking
" -> Misc
" -> Helper functions
"
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => General
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Sets how many lines of history VIM has to remember
set history=500

" Enable filetype plugins
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on

" Set to auto read when a file is changed from the outside
set autoread


" Fast saving
nmap <leader>w :w!<cr>

" :W sudo saves the file
" (useful for handling the permission-denied error)
command W w !sudo tee % > /dev/null


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => VIM user interface
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Set 7 lines to the cursor - when moving vertically using j/k
set so=7

" Avoid garbled characters in Chinese language windows OS
let $LANG='en'
set langmenu=en
source $VIMRUNTIME/delmenu.vim
source $VIMRUNTIME/menu.vim

" Turn on the WiLd menu
set wildmenu

" Ignore compiled files
set wildignore=*.o,*~,*.pyc
if has("win16") || has("win32")
set wildignore+=.git\*,.hg\*,.svn\*
else
set wildignore+=*/.git/*,*/.hg/*,*/.svn/*,*/.DS_Store
endif

"Always show current position
set ruler

" Height of the command bar
set cmdheight=2

" A buffer becomes hidden when it is abandoned
set hid

" Configure backspace so it acts as it should act
set backspace=eol,start,indent
set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l

" Ignore case when searching
set ignorecase

" When searching try to be smart about cases
set smartcase

" Highlight search results
set hlsearch

" Makes search act like search in modern browsers
set incsearch

" Don't redraw while executing macros (good performance config)
set lazyredraw

" For regular expressions turn magic on
set magic

" Show matching brackets when text indicator is over them
set showmatch
" How many tenths of a second to blink when matching brackets
set mat=2

" No annoying sound on errors
set noerrorbells
set novisualbell
set t_vb=
set tm=500

" Add a bit extra margin to the left
set foldcolumn=1


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Colors and Fonts
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Enable syntax highlighting
syntax enable

try
colorscheme desert
catch
endtry

set background=dark

" Set extra options when running in GUI mode
if has("gui_running")
set guioptions-=T
set guioptions-=e
set t_Co=256
set guitablabel=%M\ %t
endif

" Set utf8 as standard encoding and en_US as the standard language
set encoding=utf8

" Use Unix as the standard file type
set ffs=unix,dos,mac


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Files, backups and undo
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Turn backup off, since most stuff is in SVN, git et.c anyway...
set nobackup
set nowb
set noswapfile


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Text, tab and indent related
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Use spaces instead of tabs
set expandtab

" Be smart when using tabs ;)
set smarttab

" 1 tab == 4 spaces
set shiftwidth=4
set tabstop=4

" Linebreak on 500 characters
set lbr
set tw=500

set ai "Auto indent
set si "Smart indent
set wrap "Wrap lines


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Visual mode related
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Visual mode pressing * or # searches for the current selection
" Super useful! From an idea by Michael Naumann
vnoremap <silent> * :<C-u>call VisualSelection('', '')<CR>/<C-R>=@/<CR><CR>
vnoremap <silent> # :<C-u>call VisualSelection('', '')<CR>?<C-R>=@/<CR><CR>


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Moving around, tabs, windows and buffers
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Map <Space> to / (search) and Ctrl-<Space> to ? (backwards search)
map <space> /
map <c-space> ?

" Disable highlight when <leader><cr> is pressed
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>

" Smart way to move between windows
map <C-j> <C-W>j
map <C-k> <C-W>k
map <C-h> <C-W>h
map <C-l> <C-W>l

" Close the current buffer
map <leader>bd :Bclose<cr>:tabclose<cr>gT

" Close all the buffers
map <leader>ba :bufdo bd<cr>

map <leader>l :bnext<cr>
map <leader>h :bprevious<cr>

" Useful mappings for managing tabs
map <leader>tn :tabnew<cr>
map <leader>to :tabonly<cr>
map <leader>tc :tabclose<cr>
map <leader>tm :tabmove
map <leader>t<leader> :tabnext

" Let 'tl' toggle between this and the last accessed tab
let g:lasttab = 1
nmap <Leader>tl :exe "tabn ".g:lasttab<CR>
au TabLeave * let g:lasttab = tabpagenr()


" Opens a new tab with the current buffer's path
" Super useful when editing files in the same directory
map <leader>te :tabedit <c-r>=expand("%:p:h")<cr>/

" Switch CWD to the directory of the open buffer
map <leader>cd :cd %:p:h<cr>:pwd<cr>

" Specify the behavior when switching between buffers
try
set switchbuf=useopen,usetab,newtab
set stal=2
catch
endtry

" Return to last edit position when opening files (You want this!)
au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal! g'\"" | endif


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Status line
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Always show the status line
set laststatus=2

" Format the status line
set statusline=\ %{HasPaste()}%F%m%r%h\ %w\ \ CWD:\ %r%{getcwd()}%h\ \ \ Line:\ %l\ \ Column:\ %c


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Editing mappings
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Remap VIM 0 to first non-blank character
map 0 ^

" Move a line of text using ALT+[jk] or Command+[jk] on mac
nmap <M-j> mz:m+<cr>`z
nmap <M-k> mz:m-2<cr>`z
vmap <M-j> :m'>+<cr>`<my`>mzgv`yo`z
vmap <M-k> :m'<-2<cr>`>my`<mzgv`yo`z

if has("mac") || has("macunix")
nmap <D-j> <M-j>
nmap <D-k> <M-k>
vmap <D-j> <M-j>
vmap <D-k> <M-k>
endif

" Delete trailing white space on save, useful for Python and CoffeeScript ;)
func! DeleteTrailingWS()
exe "normal mz"
%s/\s\+$//ge
exe "normal `z"
endfunc
autocmd BufWrite *.py :call DeleteTrailingWS()
autocmd BufWrite *.coffee :call DeleteTrailingWS()


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Ag searching and cope displaying
" requires ag.vim - it's much better than vimgrep/grep
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" When you press gv you Ag after the selected text
vnoremap <silent> gv :call VisualSelection('gv', '')<CR>

" Open Ag and put the cursor in the right position
map <leader>g :Ag

" When you press <leader>r you can search and replace the selected text
vnoremap <silent> <leader>r :call VisualSelection('replace', '')<CR>

" Do :help cope if you are unsure what cope is. It's super useful!
"
" When you search with Ag, display your results in cope by doing:
" <leader>cc
"
" To go to the next search result do:
" <leader>n
"
" To go to the previous search results do:
" <leader>p
"
map <leader>cc :botright cope<cr>
map <leader>co ggVGy:tabnew<cr>:set syntax=qf<cr>pgg
map <leader>n :cn<cr>
map <leader>p :cp<cr>


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Spell checking
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Pressing ,ss will toggle and untoggle spell checking
map <leader>ss :setlocal spell!<cr>

" Shortcuts using <leader>
map <leader>sn ]s
map <leader>sp [s
map <leader>sa zg
map <leader>s? z=


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Misc
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Remove the Windows ^M - when the encodings gets messed up
noremap <Leader>m mmHmt:%s/<C-V><cr>//ge<cr>'tzt'm

" Quickly open a buffer for scribble
map <leader>q :e ~/buffer<cr>

" Quickly open a markdown buffer for scribble
map <leader>x :e ~/buffer.md<cr>

" Toggle paste mode on and off
map <leader>pp :setlocal paste!<cr>




"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Helper functions
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
function! CmdLine(str)
exe "menu Foo.Bar :" . a:str
emenu Foo.Bar
unmenu Foo
endfunction

function! VisualSelection(direction, extra_filter) range
let l:saved_reg = @"
execute "normal! vgvy"

let l:pattern = escape(@", '\\/.*$^~[]')
let l:pattern = substitute(l:pattern, "\n$", "", "")

if a:direction == 'gv'
call CmdLine("Ag \"" . l:pattern . "\" " )
elseif a:direction == 'replace'
call CmdLine("%s" . '/'. l:pattern . '/')
endif

let @/ = l:pattern
let @" = l:saved_reg
endfunction


" Returns true if paste mode is enabled
function! HasPaste()
if &paste
return 'PASTE MODE '
endif
return ''
endfunction

" Don't close window, when deleting a buffer
command! Bclose call <SID>BufcloseCloseIt()
function! <SID>BufcloseCloseIt()
let l:currentBufNum = bufnr("%")
let l:alternateBufNum = bufnr("#")

if buflisted(l:alternateBufNum)
buffer #
else
bnext
endif

if bufnr("%") == l:currentBufNum
new
endif

if buflisted(l:currentBufNum)
execute("bdelete! ".l:currentBufNum)
endif
endfunction

" Make VIM remember position in file after reopen
" if has("autocmd")
" au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal! g'\"" | endif
"endif